That’s right. Technology is the future. Technology is what technology does; it makes our lives easier and smarter. The role played by this wide concept is plausible; it is addressed in almost every field today. The massive innovations, good or bad, made by man are irrevocable. Jane Goodall asks for a reason: “We are the most intelligent species walking on earth, how it comes we destroy on what we depend?” We can still determine how we use technology and where it goes in the future.
The next nearest future is the upcoming 2019, which is just one step behind from the most anticipated year of the super 2020. So what exactly should be the technologies that we should master ourselves in the coming year?
1. Artificial intelligence and Machine Learning:
“The science and engineering of making intelligent machines,” said John McCarthy when asked to define the term artificial intelligence. This concept is so designed where machines are made artificially intelligent so as that they think and act like a human. Many scientists and experts assert that this concept will soon become the future and will minimize human efforts to the core.
Machine learning of today’s day and age is undoubtedly not like that of the past. This concept took birth from pattern recognition. Machine learning is the theory that computers can learn without any kind of programming to perform specific tasks. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are co-related terms. Experts who dealt with Artificial Intelligence wanted to see if computers were able to learn from data. As models are left open to new forms of data, their independence of adapting is tested. The concept is not new to the world but needs to gain a fresh momentum in the coming year.
The blockchain is an insightful concept. It is the brainchild of a group of experts named as Satoshi Nakamoto. Don and Alex Tap Scott, famous authors of the notion say that-
“The Blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.” This ingenious concept created the backbone of the future internet by allowing digital information to be distributed.
One of the many benefits of Blockchain technology are:-
- Transparency:Transaction is becoming more transparent with the use of Blockchain technology. Because all network users share the same kind of documentation as compared to the individual pieces of information.
- Improved security:There are several reasons as to why Blockchain is safer than other systems. In any industry where protecting sensitive data is a big challenge as related to cybersecurity Blockchain successfully gives a chance to transform how information is shared in the present world by helping to eradicate the cyber-attacks, forgery and illegal use of information.
3. Cloud Computing:
Simply said, cloud computing is the delivery of services related to computing such as servers, storage, networking, database, analytics, intelligence, and many others. The Cloud is intended to provide faster innovation, flexibility in economies. Users of this concept pay only for the services they use, helping them to lower the operating costs and running the business more efficiently. Cloud Computing brought about a significant shift in the thinking patterns of businesses in the field of Information Technology. The seven reasons firms turn towards this concept are- Speed, Cost, Performance, Productivity, Global scales, and Security.
Large volumes of data can be described as Big Data. It can be both structured as well as unstructured, which overpowers the business on a day to day basis. The amount of the data is relatively less significant when compared to what a particular firm does with that data. Big Data can be checked for further insights to lead to better decisions and smart business strategies.
The three big V’s of big data is-
- Volume: The amount of data used matter. With the concept, massive amounts of data which are of low density and unstructured are processed. For example- Twitter feeds.
- Velocity:The speed at which the data is received and responded to.
- Variety: The types of data that is available for processing. For example- audio, video, text, etc.
5.Virtual reality and Augmented Reality:
Virtual reality and Augmented Reality may sound related, but they are different. To put it simpler, Virtual Reality is watching fishes swim whereas Augmented Reality is swimming with the fishes.
Virtual Reality can switch the user to another setting. In other words, it can create an atmosphere of some other place as opposed to reality. Augmented Reality, however, makes an extra addition to the present reality. It does not transpose the user anywhere but augments merely the current state of being. Virtual Reality seems to be giving a more immersing kind of experience to the user, whereas Augmented Reality offers more freedom to the user and more possibilities get opened for marketers.
Even though the concept of Digital Twin has been with us since 2002, it still needs to be recognized in the techie world. To put in simple words, Digital Twin is the virtual model or replica of a particular process, product or service. To be more precise, the pairing of a virtual world is done with the physical one, thereby allowing the flow of data, analysis of it and monitoring of the systems to be done. This concept rules out all problems even much before then they occur, makes way for new opportunities and simulations.
Hence, Digital Twins are twins in real tech sense, of the physical assets; they are so designed to create digitalized versions of machines and even services with the help of sensors. The fun part is that this concept can be executed even before the asset, product or service is built physically. The digital twin is given life to act as a live model of the physical asset.
Robotic Process Automation:
The Automation of Knowledge work will and should be the coming year’s engine of growth. By freeing up the use of human labor and making way for more strategic work, Robotic Process Automation creates merely more value with minimal investments. Robotic Process Automation is the concept that allows any user to format computer soft wares, or a “robot” to enable and merge the actions of human interaction with digital systems to execute a business process. These robots make use of user interface to capture the data and manipulate the applications similar to humans. These bots interpret, receive responses as well as have the ability to communicate with other systems. Hence, zero errors, low costs.
Opposed to those traditional IT ideas, Robotic Process Automation is non-intrusive and formulates the existing infrastructure without interrupting the underlying systems, which would be otherwise difficult to replace with.
8.Internet of Things:
The Internet of things (IoT) is a concept that describes the notion of everyday physical things being connected to the Internet as well as being able to identify themselves to other devices. This technology includes a sensor and wireless methods or QR Codes. IoT is essential because an object gets the ability to represent itself digitally and more magnificent than itself. The object, once connected with IoT, is now linked not only to the user but also to the surrounding objects and the data of the database.
IoT desires to erase the line between the virtual and the physical world. Its main objective is to make the physical world one big global information system. It is a world where everything can be linked and responded in a more intelligent, techie fashion.
DevOps is the merging of philosophies, practices, and tools that increase a firm’s ability to transport applications and services at high speed. It evolves from the improvement of products at a faster rate than firms that use traditional development of soft wares and management of infrastructure. The speed enables organizations and industries to serve their customers and have competition effectively in the global market.
Under DevOps model, two teams merge into a single one where engineers and developers work on the entire application lifecycle, right from the development, test to the deployment of operations, as well as develop a set of skills that are unlimited to do a single function.
10. Cyber Security:
The term Cyber Security refers to the branch of technologies, procedures, services, and practices that are designed to safely secure and protect devices, networks, data and programmes from any kind of attack, damage or illegal and immoral access. It can also be called technology security.
This concept is critical, especially for the coming decade, because military, government, finance and every organization and field in the world collect, analyze and store innumerable amounts of data which consists of sensitive information. Unauthorized access of the intellectual properties, data of finance and governments may lead to massive loss and negative consequences. Cyber Security is the discipline that has to be dedicated by any user in any part of this world who uses technology for his purpose. Even national security can be put at risk if there is a lack of Cyber Security. The coming year of 2019 must be wholly dedicated to eradicating the number 1 threats to national security, which is cyber-attack and digital spying.